In North America
, licensed Naturopathic Doctors obtain comprehensive and rigorous training
in an educational context similar to that of conventional medical doctors.
Naturopathic Doctors must have a mininum of 7 years post-secondary academic education. Naturopathic
Doctors require 3 years pre-med undergraduate education at a recognized university, plus
4 years of full-time study at an approved college of naturopathic medicine.
The 4-year full-time program in an accredited school of Naturopathic Medicine includes more than
4,500 hours of classroom training and 1,500 hours of supervised clinical experience.
The four areas of training in the four year, full-time Naturopathic Medicine curriculum are:
||Basic Medical Sciences - anatomy, physiology, histology, microbiology,
biochemistry, immunology, pharmacology and pathology.
||Clinical Disciplines - physical and clinical diagnosis, differential and
laboratory diagnosis, radiology, naturopathic assessment and orthopaedics.
||Naturopathic Disciplines - clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, traditional
Chinese medicine and acupuncture, homeopathic medicine, hydrotherapy, naturopathic
manipulation and lifestyle counseling and stress management.
||Clinical Experience - a 12-month internship at the college's clinic,
treating patients while supervised by licensed Naturopathic Doctors prior to
Following the completion of their education, Naturopathic Doctors must successfully complete
Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examinations
), which are rigorous
standardized examinations used by all regulated provinces and states across
North America. The canditate must then complete additional board examinations for the state
or province in which they seek licensure.